Ultramassive Star Nursery R136 And What Happens To Planets In It

Hello wonderful person this is Anton and in this video we’re going to be exploring the region known as r136 this fascinating region located in the nearby galaxy of Large Magellanic Cloud is actually really really really really awesome I’m going to show you today what’s there but most importantly we’re going to recreate this in universe inbox and find out.

What will happen to a planet located in this region welcome toward the man so Large Magellanic Cloud.

Is one of the nearby galaxies and it actually has one of the coolest and.

One of the most amazing nebulae that you see right here this is known as the tarantula nebula it’s actually created by the emission of light and basically the energy created by something like several hundred really really powerful stars one of which I’m actually basically headed toward right now this is the most massive star in the university we’ll discover so far known as r136a1 now there’s actually quite a lot of stars here as a matter of fact here is an actual photo from one.

Of the telescopes from NASA demonstrating to you how many incredibly powerful and incredibly bright stars there are every single blue spot in there is a star whose mass is at least hundred masses of the Sun these are.

Ridiculously massive ridiculously powerful o type or wolf-rayet stars that are basically one-day going to go boom they’re going to go supernova and create black holes but as of today none of them still has and so this region is actually really incredible because it’s what’s known as a star nursery it’s basically where a lot of stars will be.

Created later on after all these white and blue giants will basically explode and go supernova but right here right in.

The middle of this region this is sort of the most dense and the most massive region of space in anywhere near us basically within about several million light years with quite a lot of record holding stars and one of those stars is r136a1 which is the most massive star now let’s jump to it just so you can actually see what it looks like and this is essentially it’s ridiculously massive it’s over three hundred masses of the Sun and it actually has several partners because it is a multi star system and its.
Partners are also record holders basically like second and third place for.

The most mass of stars so altogether this particular region is equivalent to several thousand masses of the Sun and stars here are extremely densely populated basically the distance between these stars is absolutely minimal so it doesn’t really take very far.
Very long to reach the next star and so you.

Could potentially place a planet between these stars and it could potentially become habitable so this is actually what I wanted to discover in this video today I wanted to basically recreate a small part of this region right here in universe and box that you see right here so this is just a small part of it every star.

Year is basically just maybe under one light.

Year away from each other so let’s just see how far they away I’ve placed them so yeah this is maybe anywhere from 0.5 to about one light year away so this is quite realistic and right in the middle of all of this I decided to place a planet known as the rule planet the planet it has no parents it has no star it’s all by itself it’s basically very.

Earth-like in terms of its composition it’s also very earth-like in terms of atmosphere and mass although maybe a little bit more massive actually it’s about 10% more massive but most importantly I made sure that this is a planet that is sort of flying by itself it’s not.
Attached to anything and I wanted to see what would happen.

Flies through this region and I’ve only places maybe five minutes ago and it already actually increased in temperature as a matter.

Fact you can see the temperature is going up Quadra matically and i think that’s because it’s actually headed toward one of these stars maybe now let’s actually see what happens to it I want to I want to.

Really follow its progress as it flies through space here and we’re going to find out if it’s temperature increases decreases or changes in any way and what actually happens to the star in the next few in-game years we’re going to give this planet a few years to fly through the system and see if.

We can actually make it habitable or if it actually overheats and basically kills everything on the surface but I also wanted to see if any of these stars actually do go supernova before them and if they do then they’ll probably initiate a very interesting chain reaction or at least push the other stars around quite a lot so this star is.

Actually increasing in speed it’s already moving at five kilometers per second I think all these stars are also attracting each other so all of them are slowly moving faster and faster faster and faster toward each other but my goal in this video was to basically see what happens to objects located.

These stars because if you really look at this region it’s so bright and so densely populated that you’d expect there to be quite a lot of energy in the middle and all of this other stuff is basically gas and various star material that was expelled by these stars throughout the ages and is now illuminated by the energy from these stars all right so let’s run the simulation a little bit.

Faster and basically just observe.

The conditions on this planet so right now it’s still relatively cold it’s about minus 139 degrees Celsius which is actually colder than Mars it’s way cooler than any conditions on earth as well so it’s basically just a planet filled with ice it’s been about 70 years now it’s slowly flying toward one of the stars here and so far nothing really changed and.

Even 400 years later the temperature is pretty much still the same so this all this energy here despite all of this radiation is despite all of this tremendous amount of power it seems that any object in between these stars would still be really dark and.

Really cold just like this real planet we’re still gonna wait and see how long it takes for it to actually get anywhere because I think at this point there we go it’s.

Actually moving faster now at this point all of these objects actually start moving and some of them might end up colliding with each other but at the same time I think my rogue planet is approaching one of the stars at least getting a little bit closer to it and you can see the temperature increased by like.

One degree because it moved a little bit closer the parameter that we really need to be aware of is this right here the radiative power that’s basically how much energy is receiving from all these stars nearby and you can see that it took us fifty five thousand years to increase the temperature by about seven degrees Celsius that is actually a lot more intense than I thought so let’s just maybe keep waiting and.

See how long it takes to get to maybe the melting temperature of water which is zero degrees Celsius and what’s interesting is that I think before this planet actually becomes terraformed two of these stars or possibly even.

Several of the stars will collide and most likely create a supernova so it will not be very long before these stars actually end up destroying everything here and because the distance is actually relatively close this planet will probably not survive any of the supernovae all right so there’s actually start right here somewhere relatively close to us and because of that star the.

Radiative power suddenly went up dramatically that’s actually maybe slow down time a little bit and also the temperature dropped by about 30 degrees Celsius the distance.

To this particular star I think we can actually see it right here somewhere and it’s actually right here it’s about fourteen point seven thousand astronomical units or about point two light-years so.

Even though it’s so far away this planet is actually getting just as much radiation just as much heat as I think Pluto does I think this is about the same as Pluto possibly even more than Pluto and just a few more thousand years later the temperature is now actually.

Jumping quite dramatically we’re now at minus 30 minus 20 minus 10 and look at that weird melting temperature of water degrees so it basically.

So here we will now have habitable conditions the water will become liquid we’ll probably also get atmosphere and clouds and stuff but yeah you can see the.

Water is actually liquid no but the thing is it’s very very dark here because despite all this heat we’re quite far away from the nearest star we’re not actually getting much radiation from it so the nearest star here is about four and a half thousand and you away from the rock planet and it looks like it’s the star that’s actually headed toward us and so there’s a very big chance that our planet is going to.

Experience quite a dramatic shift of temperature in the next few hundreds of years and look at that so now we’re basically at earth conditions but it’s suddenly getting warmer and warmer and warmer and just like that.

It’s back to being cold again wow this is crazy this is actually really really awesome so this suggests that if there are any rogue planets orbiting in between these stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud this is probably what’s happening to them these planets might be.

Actually experiencing these crazy created conditions and if you look at this from a distance you’ll notice that these stars are just gently orbiting around one another they’re kind of just dancing around each other’s orbits they’re not really colliding just yet and because they’re all so massive even a single collision will call it tremendous supernova so we’re gonna wait until that happens.

And see what happens to the planet but for now though if I look at this planet you’ll see that it’s back to being really cool because now it moved away from one of those stars.

All right so let’s wait for the supernova let’s just kind of zoom out of here and see what happens if or not if more like when a supernova occurs I’m expecting a collision any time now well it’s actually very beautiful to see these stars move in such a unique and very beautiful way and it looks like our ice planet a.

Rogue planet is actually moving away from this region and is slowly departing all of this madness now this means that it’s not going to get warm but it still has a high chance of being destroyed by the supernova if and when it occurs oh my god this is crazy.

I totally almost missed this so it looks like we actually have approached one of the stars too close and because we did that our temperature has now jumped to 900 degrees Celsius.

This is the distance of 274 au so that means that if any of the objects any of the planets passed through this region right.

Here relatively close to one of the stars basically this is what you would get the planet would suddenly become super hot super molten and most likely lose all of the water in the atmosphere and it looks like the temperature is actually still increasing it’s going to nine-hundred yeah it was almost.

900 degrees Celsius and it’s now dropping again that’s very very interesting and definitely not something I expected from the simulation alright so it’s been about two hundred and six thousand years since I started the simulation all of these stars is still kind of relatively stable.

They haven’t really explored it none of them collided and a lot of them seemed to be just kind of dancing around each other the planet is back to being cold and or at least not as hot as it used to be but that yeah the temperatures definitely dropping and it looks like that for the next few thousand.

Years it’s going to be in negatives again so it’s going to become an ice planet just one more time and at this point I’m just going to be waiting for the supernova if it ever actually occurs.

It seems that without even trying.

Ike this is very interesting very stable very.

Very beautiful system where these supermassive stars are just dancing around one another none of them.

Is colliding none of them are causing any trouble and that’s because the distance between them is relatively large it’s at least point two up to about one Lightyear and for the.

Most part that’s far enough for them to have stable very interesting orbits around one another so this is kind of what r136 really looks like except of course the orbits are a lot more unpredictable and a lot more different and the rogue planet is actually orbiting around this region so that means that it’s going to be.